this is an outdated text: switch to the updated & improved dc code website
home, about

The DC Code: § 1-1001.08 Qualifications of candidates and electors; nomination and election of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman, members of Council, and members of Board of Education; petition requirements; arrangement of ballot.

Index1 Government Organization. (Refs & Annos)
a
(1) Each candidate for election to the office of national committeeman or alternate, or national committeewoman or alternate, and for election as a member or official designated for election at large under paragraph (4) of § 1-1001.01, shall be a qualified elector registered under § 1-1001.07 who has been nominated for such office, or for election as such member or official, by a nominating petition:
A
Signed by not less than 500, or 1%, whichever is less, of the qualified electors registered under such § 1-1001.07, who are of the same political party as the candidate; and
B
Filed with the Board not later than the 90th day before the date of the election held for such office, member, or official.
2
In the case of a nominating petition for a candidate for election as a member or official designated for election from a ward under paragraph (4) of § 1-1001.01, such petition shall be prepared and filed in the same manner as a petition prepared and filed by a candidate under paragraph (1) of this subsection and signed by 100, or 1%, whichever is less, of the qualified electors residing in such ward, registered under § 1-1001.07, who are of the same political party as the candidate.
b
(1)(A) No person shall hold elected office pursuant to this section unless he or she has been a bona fide resident of the District of Columbia continuously since the beginning of the 90-day period ending on the date of the next election, and is a qualified elector registered under § 1-1001.07.
B
Repealed.
C
Repealed.
2
Only registered, qualified electors of the District of Columbia are authorized to circulate nominating petitions of candidates for elected office pursuant to this subchapter. The Board shall consider invalid the signatures on any petition sheet which was circulated by a person who, at the time of circulation, was not a registered, qualified elector of the District of Columbia.
3
All signatures on a petition shall be made by the person whose signature it purports to be and not by any other person. Each petition shall contain an affidavit, made under penalty of perjury, in a form to be determined by the Board and signed by the circulator of that petition which shall state that the circulator is a registered voter and has:
A
Personally circulated the petition;
B
Personally witnessed each person sign the petition; and
C
Inquired from each signer whether he or she is a registered voter in the same party as the candidate and, where applicable, whether the signer is registered in and a resident of the ward from which the candidate seeks election.
4
Any circulator who knowingly and willfully violates any provisions of this section, or any regulations promulgated pursuant to this section, shall upon conviction be subject to a fine of not more than $10,000, or imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or both. Each occurrence of a violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense. Violations of this section shall be prosecuted in the name of the District of Columbia by the Corporation Counsel of the District of Columbia.
c
(1) In such election of officials referred to in paragraph (1) of § 1- 1001.01, and in each election of officials designated for election at large pursuant to paragraph (4) of § 1-1001.01, the Board shall arrange the ballot of each party to enable the registered voters of such party to vote separately or by slate for each official duly qualified and nominated for election to such office.
2
In each election of officials designated, pursuant to paragraph (4) of § 1-1001.01, for election from a ward, the Board shall arrange the ballot of each party to enable the registered voters of such party, residing in such ward, to vote separately or by slate for each official duly qualified and nominated from such ward for election to such office from such ward.
d
Each political party which had in the next preceding election year at least 7,500 votes cast in the general election for a candidate of the party to the office of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council, or member of the Council, shall be entitled to elect candidates for presidential electors, provided that the party has met all deadlines set out in this subchapter or by regulation for the submission of a party plan for the election. The executive committee of the organization recognized by the national committee of each such party as the official organization of that party in the District of Columbia shall nominate by appropriate means the presidential electors for that party. Nominations shall be made by message to the Board on or before September 1st next preceding a presidential election.
e
The names of the candidates of each political party for President and Vice President shall be placed on the ballot under the title and device, if any, of that party as designated by the duly authorized committee of the organization recognized by the national committee of that party as the official organization of that party in the District. The form of the ballot shall be determined by that Board. The position on the ballot of names of candidates for President and Vice President shall be determined by lot. The names of persons nominated as candidates for electors of President and Vice President shall not appear on the ballot.
f
A political party which does not qualify under subsection (d) of this section may have the names of its candidates for President and Vice President of the United States printed on the general election ballot provided a petition nominating the appropriate number of candidates for presidential electors signed by at least 1 per centum of registered qualified electors of the District of Columbia, as shown by the records of the Board as of the 144th day before the date of the presidential election, is presented to the Board on or before the 90th day before the date of the presidential election.
g
No person may be elected to the office of elector of President and Vice President pursuant to this subchapter unless:
1
He or she is a registered voter in the District; and
2
He or she has been a bona fide resident of the District for a period of 3 years immediately preceding the date of the presidential election. Each person elected as elector of President and Vice President shall, in the presence of the Board, take an oath or solemnly affirm that he or she will vote for the candidates of the party he or she has been nominated to represent, and it shall be his or her duty to vote in such manner in the electoral college.
h
(1)(A) The Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council of the District of Columbia and the 4 at-large members of the Council shall be elected by the registered qualified electors of the District of Columbia in a general election. Each candidate for the office of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council of the District of Columbia, and at-large members of the Council in any general election shall, except as otherwise provided in subsection (j) of this section and § 1-1001.10(d), have been elected by the registered qualified electors of the District as such candidate by the next preceding primary election.
B
(i) A member of the office of Council (other than the Chairman and any member elected at large) shall be elected in a general election by the registered qualified electors of the respective ward of the District from which the individual seeking such office was elected as a candidate for such office as provided in sub-subparagraph (ii) of this subparagraph.
ii
Each candidate for the office of member of the Council (other than Chairman and at-large members) shall, except as otherwise provided in subsection (j) of this section and § 1-1001.10(d), have been elected as such a candidate, by the registered qualified electors of the ward of the District from which such individual was nominated, at the next preceding primary election to fill such office within that ward.
2
The nomination and election of any individual to the office of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council and member of the Council shall be governed by the provisions of this subchapter. No political party shall be qualified to hold a primary election to select candidates for election to any such office in a general election unless, in the next preceding election year, at least 7,500 votes were cast in the general election for a candidate of such party for any such office or for its candidates for electors of President and Vice President.
i
(1) Each individual in a primary election for candidate for the office of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council, or at-large member of the Council shall be nominated for any such office by a petition:
A
Filed with the Board not later than 90 days before the date of such primary election; and
B
Signed by at least 2,000 registered qualified electors of the same political party as the nominee, or by 1 per centum of the duly registered members of such political party, whichever is less, as shown by the records of the Board as of the 144th day before the date of such election.
2
Each individual in a primary election for candidate for the office of member of the Council (other than Chairman and at-large members) shall be nominated for such office by a petition filed with the Board not later than 90 days before the date of such primary election, and signed by at least 250 persons, or by 1 per centum of persons (whichever is less, in the ward from which such individual seeks election) who are duly registered in such ward under § 1-1001.07 and who are of the same political party as the nominee.
3
For the purpose of computing nominating petition signature requirements, the Board shall by noon on the 144th day preceding the election post and make available the exact number of qualified registered electors in the District by party, ward, and precinct, as provided in this subsection. The Board shall make available for public inspection, in the office of the Board, the entire list of registered electors upon which such count was based. Such list shall be retained by the Board until the period for circulating, filing, and challenging petitions has ended.
4
A nominating petition for a candidate in a primary election for any such office may not be circulated for signature before the 144th day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 115th day preceding such date. The Board may prescribe rules with respect to the preparation and presentation of nominating petitions. The Board shall arrange the ballot of each political party in each such primary election as to enable a voter of such party to vote for nominated candidates of that party.
j
(1) A duly qualified candidate for the office of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council, or member of the Council, may, subject to the provisions of this subsection, be nominated directly as such a candidate for election for such office (including any such election to be held to fill a vacancy). Such person shall be nominated by petition:
A
Filed with the Board not less than 90 days before the date of such general election; and
B
In the case of a person who is a candidate for the office of member of the Council (other than the Chairman or an at-large member), signed by 500 voters who are duly registered under § 1-1001.07 in the ward from which the candidate seeks election; and in the case of a person who is a candidate for the office of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council, or at-large member of the Council, signed by duly registered voters equal in number to 1 1/2 per centum of the total number of registered voters in the District, as shown by the records of the Board as of 144 days before the date of such election, or by 3,000 persons duly registered under § 1-1001.07, whichever is less. No signatures on such a petition may be counted which have been made on such petition more than 123 days before the date of such election.
2
Nominations under this subsection for candidates for election in a general election to any office referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be of no force and effect with respect to any person whose name has appeared on the ballot of a primary election for that office held within 8 months before the date of such general election.
3
No person shall be nominated directly as a candidate in any general election for the office of Delegate, Mayor, Chairman of the Council, member of the Council, United States Senator, or United States Representative who is registered to vote as affiliated with a party qualified to conduct a primary election.
k
(1) In each general election for the office of member of the Council (other than the office of the Chairman or an at-large member), the Board shall arrange the ballots in each ward to enable a voter registered in that ward to vote for any 1 candidate who:
A
Has been duly elected by any political party in the next preceding primary election for such office from such ward;
B
Has been duly nominated to fill a vacancy in such office in such ward pursuant to § 1-1001.10(d); or
C
Has been nominated directly as a candidate for such office in such ward under subsection (j) of this section.
2
In each general election for the office of Chairman and member of the Council at large, the Board shall arrange the ballots to enable a registered qualified elector to vote for as many candidates for election as members at large as there are members at large to be elected in such election, including the Chairman. Such candidates shall be only those persons who:
A
Have been duly elected by any political party in the next preceding primary election for such office;
B
Have been duly nominated to fill vacancies in such office pursuant to § 1-1001.10(d); or
C
Have been nominated directly as a candidate under subsection (j) of this section.
3
In each general election for the office of Delegate and Mayor, the Board shall arrange the ballots to enable a registered qualified elector to vote for any 1 of the candidates for any such office who:
A
Has been duly elected by any political party in the next preceding primary election for such office;
B
Has been duly nominated to fill a vacancy in such office pursuant to § 1-1001.10(d); or
C
Has been nominated directly as a candidate under subsection (j) of this section.
l
(1) Designation of offices of local party committees to be filled by election pursuant to paragraph (4) of § 1-1001.01 shall be effected, in accordance with the provision of this subsection, by written communication signed by the chairman of such committee and filed with the Board not later than 180 days before the date of such election.
2
The notification shall specify separately:
A
A comprehensive plan for the scheduled election;
B
The titles of the offices and the total number of members to be elected at large, if any;
C
The title of the offices and the total number of members to be elected by ward, if any; and
D
The procedures to be followed in nominating and electing these members.
3
Repealed.
m
The election of the members of the Board of Education shall be conducted on a nonpartisan basis and in accordance with this subchapter.
n
Each candidate in a general or special election for member of the Board of Education shall be nominated for such office by a nominating petition: (A) Filed with the Board not later than the 90th calendar day before the date of such general or special election; and (B) signed by at least 200 qualified electors who are duly registered under § 1-1001.07, who reside in the school district or ward from which the candidate seeks election, or in the case of a candidate running at large, signed by at least 1,000 of the qualified electors in the District of Columbia registered under such § 1-1001.07. A nominating petition for a candidate in a general or special election for member of the Board of Education may not be circulated for signatures before the 144th day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 115th day preceding such date. In a general or special election for members of the Board of Education, the Board shall arrange the ballot for each school district or ward to enable a voter registered in that school district or ward to vote for any 1 candidate duly nominated to be elected to such office from such school district or ward, and to vote for as many candidates duly nominated for election at large to such office as there are Board of Education members to be elected at large in such election.
o
(1) The Board is authorized to accept any nominating petition for a candidate for any office as bona fide with respect to the qualifications of the signatures thereto if the original or facsimile thereof has been posted in a suitable public place for a 10-day period beginning on the third day after the filing deadline for nominating petitions for the office. Any registered qualified elector may within the 10-day period challenge the validity of any petition by written statement signed by the challenger and filed with the Board and specifying concisely the alleged defects in the petition. A copy of the challenge shall be sent by the Board promptly to the person designated for the purpose in the nominating petition. In a special election to fill a vacancy in an Advisory Neighborhood Commission single-member district, the period prescribed in this paragraph for posting and challenge shall be 5 days, excluding weekends and holidays.
2
The Board shall receive evidence in support of and in opposition to the challenge and shall determine the validity of the challenged nominating petition not more than 20 days after the challenge has been filed. Within 3 days after announcement of the determination of the Board with respect to the validity of the nominating petition, either the challenger or any person named in the challenged petition as a nominee may apply to the District of Columbia Court of Appeals for a review of the reasonableness of such determination. The Court shall expedite consideration of the matter and the decision of such Court shall be final and not appealable.
2A
Repealed.
3
For the purpose of verifying a signature on any petition filed pursuant to this section, the Board shall first determine if the address on the petition is the same as the address shown of the signer's voter registration record. If the address is different than the address which appears on the signer's registration record, the address shall be deemed valid if:
A
The signer's current address is within the single member district for an Advisory Neighborhood Commission election, within the school district for a school board election, within the ward for a ward-wide election, or within the District of Columbia for an at-large election; and
B
The signer files a change of address form with the Board during the first 10 days of the period designated for resolving challenges to petitions.
p
In any election, the order in which the names of the candidates for office appear on the ballot shall be determined by lot, upon a date or dates and under regulations prescribed by the Board.
q
Any petition required to be filed under this subchapter by a particular date must be filed no later than 5:00 p.m. on such date.
r
(1) In any primary, general, or special election held in the District of Columbia to nominate or elect candidates to public office, a voter may cast a write-in vote for a candidate other than those who have qualified to appear on the ballot.
2
To be eligible to receive the nomination of a political party for public office, a write-in candidate shall be a duly registered member of the party nominated and shall meet all the other qualifications required for election to the office and shall declare his or her candidacy not later than 4:45 p.m. on the third day immediately following the date of the election on a form or forms prescribed by the Board.
3
To be eligible for election to public office, a write-in candidate shall be a duly registered elector and shall meet all of the other qualifications required for election to the office and shall declare his or her candidacy not later than 4:45 p.m. on the seventh day immediately following the date of the election in which he or she was a candidate on a form or forms prescribed by the Board.
4
In party office elections, write-in voting provisions may also be subject to the party rules.
s
The Board shall submit to the Mayor and Council a feasibility study of mail-ballot voting procedures, within 6 months after October 21, 2000. The study shall outline the advantages and disadvantages of mail-ballot procedures and recommend whether mail-ballot procedures should be implemented in District of Columbia elections. The study shall include an analysis of the following issues and topics that the Board deems appropriate:
1
Administration and logistics;
2
Ballot integrity and electoral fairness;
3
Voter turnout;
4
Cost;
5
Applicability to special elections and regularly scheduled elections; and
6
The experiences of other jurisdictions that have used mail-ballot procedures.

Historical and Statutory

Prior Codifications 1981 Ed., § 1-1312. 1973 Ed., § 1-1108. Effect of Amendments D.C. Law 13-78, in subsec. (d), rewrote the first sentence, which previously read: "Each political party who has had its candidate elected as President of the United States after January 1, 1950, shall be entitled to nominate candidates for presidential electors." D.C. Law 13-149 rewrote subsec. (m), which formerly read: "(1) Except in the case of the 3 members of the Board of Education elected at large, the members of the Board of Education shall be elected by the duly registered voters of the respective wards of the District from which the members have been nominated. "(2) In the case of the 3 members of the Board of Education elected at large, each such member shall be elected by the duly registered voters of the District."; and in subsec. (n), substituted "school district" for "ward" wherever appearing. Section 7 of D.C. Law 13-149 provides: "This act shall apply upon the effective date of the School Governance Charter Amendment Act of 2000." D.C. Law 13-177 added subsec. (s). D.C. Law 14-26, in subsec. (b)(1), repealed pars. (B) and (C) which had read: "(B) No person shall hold elected office pursuant to this section if he or she, in the case of the Mayor, Council Chairman, Council members, Board of Education members, and any other non-judicial office existing or to be created except those of Advisory Neighborhood Commissioner, Delegate from the District of Columbia, Shadow Representative, and Shadow Senator, has held that same office for 2 consecutive terms. "(C) For purposes of this paragraph: "(i) Any terms served previous to the adoption of the Term Limits Initiative of 1995 will not count in determining length of service;   and "(ii) Service of more than 1/2 of a term shall count as a full term." D.C. Law 14-30, in subsec. (b), rewrote par. (3) and added par. (4). Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: "(3) Any circulator who willfully violates any provision of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment of not more than 6 months, or both. Each occurrence of a violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense. Violation of this section shall be prosecuted in the name of the District of Columbia by the Corporation Counsel of the District of Columbia." D.C. Law 14-43 rewrote subsec. (o)(3) which had read as follows: "(3) For the purpose of verifying a signature on any petition filed pursuant to this section, the Board shall first determine that the address on the petition is the same as the residence shown on the signer's voter registration record. If the address is different, the signature shall not be counted as valid unless the Board's records show that the person was registered to vote from the address listed on the petition at the time the person signed the petition." D.C. Law 15-105, in subsec. (o)(3), validated previously made technical corrections. D.C. Law 15-211 inserted "or ward" following "school district" in subsec. (n). D.C. Law 19-137, in subsec. (a)(1)(B), substituted "90th day" for "69th day"; in subsec. (f), substituted "as shown by the records of the Board as of the 144th day before the date of the presidential election, is presented to the Board on or before the 90th day before the date of the presidential election" for "as of July 1st of the year in which the election is to be held is presented to the Board on or before the third Tuesday in August preceding the date of the presidential election"; in subsecs. (i)(1)(A), (2), (j)(1)(A), substituted "90 days" for "69 days"; in subsecs. (i)(1)(B), (3), substituted "144th day" for 123rd day"; in subsec. (i)(4), substituted "144th day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 115th day" for "123rd day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 94th day"; in subsec. (j)(1)(B), substituted "144 days" for "123 days"; in subsec. (n), substituted "90th calendar day" for "69th calendar day" and substituted "144th day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 115th day" for "123rd day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 94th day"; and, in subsec. (o)(2), substituted "20 days" for "15 days". Temporary Amendments of Section For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of the Extension of the Nominating Petition Time Temporary Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Law 13-181, October 21, 2000, law notification 47 DCR 8971). For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of the Presidential Elector Deadline Waiver Temporary Amendment Act of 2003 (D.C. Law 15-36, October 28, 2003, law notification 50 DCR 9489). For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of the Presidential Elector Deadline Waiver Second Temporary Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15- 200, December 7, 2004, law notification 52 DCR 444). For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 3 of the Board of Education Continuity and Transition Temporary Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15-204, December 7, 2004, law notification 52 DCR 448). Section 201(a)(2) of D.C. Law 19-88, in subsec. (a)(1)(B), substituted "90th day" for "69th day"; in subsec. (f), substituted "as shown by the records of the Board as of the 144th day before the date of the presidential election, is presented to the Board on or before the 90th day before the date of the presidential election" for "as of July 1st of the year in which the election is to be held is presented to the Board on or before the third Tuesday in August preceding the date of the presidential election"; in subsecs. (i)(1)(A), (2), and (j)(1)(A), substituted "90th day" for "69th day"; in subsecs. (i)(1)(B), (3), substituted "144th day" for "123rd day"; in subsec. (i)(4), substituted "144th day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 115th day" for "123rd day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 94th day"; in subsec. (j)(1)(B), substituted "144 days" for "123 days"; in subsec. (n), substituted "90th calendar day" for "69th calendar day" and substituted "144th day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 115th day" for "123rd day preceding the date of such election and may not be filed with the Board before the 94th day"; and, in subsec. (o)(2), substituted "20 days" for "15 days". Section 302(b) of D.C. Law 19-88 provides that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect. Emergency Act Amendments For temporary (90-day) amendment of section, see § 2 of the Extension of the Nominating Petition Time Emergency Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-377, July 10, 2000, 47 DCR 5853). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of the Extension of the Nominating Petition Time Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-452, November 7, 2000, 47 DCR 9403). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Presidential Elector Deadline Waiver Emergency Amendment Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-98, June 20, 2003, 50 DCR 5476). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Presidential Elector Deadline Waiver Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-148, September 22, 2003, 50 DCR 8356). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Presidential Elector Deadline Waiver Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-451, June 23, 2004, 51 DCR 6720). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3 of Board of Education Continuity and Transition Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-465, June 30, 2004, 51 DCR 6997). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3 of Board of Education Continuity and Transition Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-533, October 4, 2004, 51 DCR 9628). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3 of Board of Education Continuity and Transition Second Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-659, December 29, 2004, 52 DCR 1434). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 201(a)(2) of Comprehensive Military and Overseas Voters Accommodation Emergency Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19- 230, November 16, 2011, 58 DCR 9942). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 201(a)(2) of Comprehensive Military and Overseas Voters Accommodation Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-310, February 22, 2012, 59 DCR 1688). Legislative History of Laws For legislative history of D.C. Law 1-79, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.02. For legislative history of D.C. Law 1-126, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.02. For legislative history of D.C. Law 4-88, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.01. For legislative history of D.C. Law 4-120, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.05. For legislative history of D.C. Law 5-17, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.02. For legislative history of D.C. Law 7-92, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.05. Law 9-1 was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 9-97. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on February 5, 1991, and March 5, 1991, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on March 15, 1991, it was assigned Act No. 9-6 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. Law 9-49 was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 9-110, which was referred to the Committee on Government Operations. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on July 2, 1991, and October 1, 1991, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on October 21, 1991, it was assigned Act No. 9-89 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. For legislative history of D.C. Law 9-75, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.05. For legislative history of D.C. Law 10-173, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 1-1001.02. Law 10-254, the "Term Limits Initiative of 1995," was submitted to the electors of the District of Columbia as Initiative No. 49. The results of the voting, certified by the Board of Elections and Ethics on November 8, 1994, were 83,865 for the Initiative and 52,116 against the Initiative. It was transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review on February 7, 1995. Law 13-78, the "Elections Amendment Act of 1999," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 13-142, which was referred to the Committee on Government Operations. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on October 5, 1999, and November 2, 1999, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on November 18, 1999, it was assigned Act No. 13-196 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 13-78 became effective on April 5, 2000. Law 13-149, the "School Governance Companion Amendment Act of 2000," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 13-470, which was referred to the Committee on Education, Libraries and Recreation. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on March 7, 2000, and April 4, 2000, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on April 24, 2000, it was assigned Act No. 13-336 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 13-149 became effective on July 18, 2000. Law 13-177, the "Mail Ballot Feasibility Study Amendment Act of 2000," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 13-489, which was referred to the Committee on Government Operations. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on June 26, 2000, and July 11, 2000, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on July 26, 2000, it was assigned Act No. 13-388 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 13-177 became effective on October 21, 2000. Law 14-26, the "Consecutive Term Limitation Amendment Act of 2001," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 14-25, which was referred to the Committee on Government Operations. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on May 1, 2001, and June 5, 2001, respectively. Approved without the signature of the Mayor on June 22, 2001, it was assigned Act No. 14-79 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 14-26 became effective on October 2, 2001. Law 14-30, the "Election Petition Penalty Amendment Act of 2001", was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 14-53, which was referred to the Committee on Government Operations. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on June 5, 2001, and June 26, 2001, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on July 12, 2001, it was assigned Act No. 14-91 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 14-30 became effective on October 13, 2001. Law 14-43, the "Nominating Petitions Signature Amendment Act of 2001", was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 14-103, which was referred to the Committee on Finance and Revenue. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on June 5, 2001, and June 26, 2001, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on July 24, 2001, it was assigned Act No. 14-109 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 14-43 became effective on October 26, 2001. For Law 15-105, see notes following § 1-751. Law 15-211, the "Board of Education Continuity and Transition Amendment Act of 2004", was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 15-714, which was referred to the Committee on Education, Libraries and Recreation. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on June 29, 2004, and July 13, 2004, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on August 2, 2004, it was assigned Act No. 15-498 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 15- 211 became effective on December 7, 2004. For history of Law 19-137, see notes under § 1-309.05. Miscellaneous Notes Purpose of Law 10-254: Section 2 of Initiative Measure 49 provided that the purpose of the act is to promote a citizen government by fostering increased competition through rotation in office and to prevent the establishment of entrenched incumbency at all levels of government. Section 3(a) of D.C. Law 17-156 amended this section subject to congressional enactment of section 2 of D.C. Law 17-156. As of the publication of this note, congress has not enacted section 2 of D.C. Law 17-156. DC CODE § 1-1001.08 Current through December 11, 2012

Credits

(Aug. 12, 1955, 69 Stat. 701, ch. 682, § 8; Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 818, Pub. L. 87-389, § 1 (12, 13); Apr. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 103, Pub. L. 90-292, § 4(5); Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 849, Pub. L. 91-405, title II, §§ 203(b), 205(b), (e)(2), (f); Dec. 23, 1971, 85 Stat. 203(b), 205(b), (e)(2), (f); Dec. 23, 1971, 85 Stat. 790, Pub. L. 92-220, § 1(9)-(16), (32)-(34); Aug. 14, 1973, 87 Stat. 312, Pub. L. 93-92, § 1(8)-(14); Dec. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 833, Pub. L. 93-198, title VII, § 751(3); Aug. 14, 1974, 88 Stat. 458, Pub. L. 93-376, title III, § 306(a); Sept. 2, 1976, D.C. Law 1-79, title I, § 102(7)-(12), 23 DCR 2050; Apr. 23, 1977, D.C. Law 1-126, title III, § 301(j), title IV, § 402, 24 DCR 2372; Mar. 16, 1982, D.C. Law 4-88, § 2(f), (o)-(s), 29 DCR 458; July 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-120, § 2(c), 29 DCR 2064; Aug. 2, 1983, D.C. Law 5-17, § 5(d), 30 DCR 3196; Mar. 16, 1988, D.C. Law 7-92, § 3(h)-(k), 35 DCR 716; Dec. 10, 1991, D.C. Law 9-49, § 2(a), 38 DCR 6572; Mar. 11, 1992, D.C. Law 9-75, § 2(c), 39 DCR 310; Sept. 22, 1994, D.C. Law 10-173, § 2(c), 41 DCR 5154; Mar. 23, 1995, D.C. Law 10-254, § 3, 42 DCR 758; April 5, 2000, D.C. Law 13-78, § 2, 46 DCR 10440; July 18, 2000, D.C. Law 13-149, § 5(a), 47 DCR 4639; Oct. 21, 2000, D.C. Law 13-177, § 2, 47 DCR 6842; Oct. 2, 2001, D.C. Law 14-26, § 2, 48 DCR 6344; Oct. 13, 2001, D.C. Law 14-30, § 2, 48 DCR 7087; Oct. 26, 2001, D.C. Law 14-43, § 2, 48 DCR 7631; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 24, 51 DCR 881; Dec. 7, 2004, D.C. Law 15-211, § 3, 51 DCR 8805; June 5, 2012, D.C. Law 19-137, § 201(a)(2), 59 DCR 2542.)