For the purposes of this chapter, the term:
- "Abandoned" means left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision.
- "Child" means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age.
- "Child-custody determination" means a judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. The term includes a permanent, temporary, initial, and modification order. The term does not include an order relating to child support or other monetary obligation of an individual.
- "Child-custody proceeding" means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child is an issue. The term includes a proceeding for divorce, separation, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, adoption, paternity, termination of parental rights, and protection from domestic violence, in which the issue may appear. The term does not include a proceeding involving juvenile delinquency, contractual emancipation, or enforcement under subchapter III of this chapter.
- "Commencement" means the filing of the first pleading in a proceeding.
- "Court" means an entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child-custody determination.
- "District" means the District of Columbia.
- "Home state" means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least 6 consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child-custody proceeding. In the case of a child less than 6 months of age, the term means the state in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned. A period of temporary absence of any of the mentioned persons is part of the period.
- "Initial determination" means the first child-custody determination concerning a particular child.
- "Issuing court" means the court that makes a child-custody determination for which enforcement is sought under this chapter.
- "Issuing state" means the state in which a child-custody determination is made.
- "Modification" means a child-custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination.
- "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity.
- "Person acting as a parent" means a person, other than a parent, who:
- Has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of 6 consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child-custody proceeding; and
- Has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of the District.
- "Physical custody" means the physical care and supervision of a child.
- "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
- "Warrant" means an order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child.
Historical and Statutory
Legislative History of Laws
For D.C. Law 13-293, see notes following § 165-4501.
This section is based upon § 102 of the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (1997 Act). See 9, Part IA, Uniform Laws Annotated, Master Edition, or ULA Database on Westlaw.
DC CODE § 16-4601.01
Current through December 11, 2012
(Apr. 27, 2001, D.C. Law 13-293, § 2(d), 48 DCR 2214.)