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The DC Code: § 2-381.01 Definitions.

Index2 Government Administration. (Refs & Annos)

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

"Claim" means any request or demand for money, property, or services made to any employee, officer, or agent of the District, or to any contractor, grantee, or other recipient, whether under contract or not, if any portion of the money, property, or services requested or demanded issued from, or was provided by, the District, or if the District will reimburse such contractor, grantee, or other recipient for any portion of the money or property which is requested or demanded.
"Fixed obligation" means an amount due the District by contract or by law. The term "fixed obligation" does not include a fine to be imposed by law until the fine has been assessed.
(A) "Knowing" or "knowingly" means that a person, with respect to information, does any of the following:
Has actual knowledge of the falsity of the information;
Acts in deliberate ignorance of the truth or falsity of the information; or
Acts in reckless disregard of the truth or falsity of the information.
Proof of specific intent to defraud is not required for an act to be knowing.
"Person" includes any natural person, corporation, firm, association, organization, partnership, business, or trust.
"Proceeds" means civil penalties as well as double or treble damages as provided in § 2-381.02, and criminal fines pursuant to § 2-381.09.

Historical and Statutory

Prior Codifications 2001 Ed., § 2-308.13. 1981 Ed., § 1-1188.13. Emergency Act Amendments For temporary addition of Subpart C [ 1981 Ed.], see § 2(g) of the Procurement Reform Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-374, April 24, 1998, 45 DCR 4338). Legislative History of Laws For legislative history of D.C. Law 12-104, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 2-308.07. For legislative history of D.C. Law 12-264, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 2-301.05. DC CODE § 2-381.01 Current through December 11, 2012


(Feb. 21, 1996, D.C. Law 6-85, § 813, 32 DCR 7396, as added May 8, 1998, D.C. Law 12-104, § 2(g); Apr. 20, 1999, D.C. Law 12-264, § 10(a), 46 DCR 2118.)