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The DC Code: § 22-2104.01 Sentencing procedure for murder in the first degree.

Index22 Criminal Offenses and Penalties. (Refs & Annos)
a
If a defendant is convicted of murder in the first degree, and if the prosecution has given the notice required under § 22-2104(a), a separate sentencing procedure shall be conducted as soon as practicable after the trial has been completed to determine whether to impose a sentence of more than 60 years up to, and including, life imprisonment without possibility of release.
b
In determining the sentence, a finding shall be made whether, beyond a reasonable doubt, any of the following aggravating circumstances exist:
1
The murder was committed in the course of kidnapping or abduction, or an attempt to kidnap or abduct;
2
The murder was committed for hire;
3
The murder was committed for the purpose of avoiding or preventing a lawful arrest or effecting an escape from custody;
4
The murder was especially heinous, atrocious, or cruel;
5
The murder was a drive-by or random shooting;
6
There was more than 1 offense of murder in the first degree arising out of 1 incident;
7
The murder was committed because of the victim's race, color, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, or gender identity or expression (as defined in § 2-1401.02(12A));
8
The murder was committed while committing or attempting to commit a robbery, arson, rape, or sexual offense;
9
The murder was committed because the victim was or had been a witness in any criminal investigation or judicial proceeding, or the victim was capable of providing or had provided assistance in any criminal investigation or judicial proceeding;
10
The murder victim was especially vulnerable due to age or a mental or physical infirmity;
11
The murder is committed after substantial planning; or
12
At the time of the commission of the murder, the defendant had previously been convicted and sentenced, whether in a court of the District of Columbia, of the United States, or of any state, for (A) murder, (B) manslaughter, (C) any attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit murder, (D) assault with intent to kill, (E) assault with intent to murder, or (F) at least twice, for any offense or offenses, described in § 22-4501(f), whether committed in the District of Columbia or any other state, or the United States. A person shall be considered as having been convicted and sentenced twice for an offense or offenses when the initial sentencing for the conviction in the first offense preceded the commission of the second offense and the initial sentencing for the second offense preceded the commission of the instant murder.
c
The finding shall state in writing whether, beyond a reasonable doubt, 1 or more of the aggravating circumstances exist. If 1 or more aggravating circumstances exist, a sentence of more than 60 years up to, and including, life imprisonment without release may be imposed.
d
If the trial court is reversed on appeal because of error only in the separate sentencing procedure, any new proceeding before the trial court shall pertain only to the issue of sentencing.

Historical and Statutory

Prior Codifications 1981 Ed., § 22-2404.1. Effect of Amendments D.C. Law 13-302 substituted "release" for "parole" throughout the section; in subsec. (a), substituted "more than 60 years up to, and including," for "life imprisonment or"; in subsec. (b), substituted "a finding shall be made" for "the court shall consider"; and, in subsec. (c), substituted "finding shall" for "court shall", deleted "the court finds that" following "If", and inserted "more than 60 years up to , and including". D.C. Law 17-177, in subsec. (b)(7), substituted "sexual orientation, gender identity or expression (as defined in § 2-1401.02(12A))" for "or sexual orientation". Emergency Act Amendments For temporary (90-day) amendment of section, see § 4(e) of the Sentencing Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-410, August 11, 2000, 47 DCR 7271). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(e) of the Sentencing Reform Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 13-462, November 7, 2000, 47 DCR 9443). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(e) of Sentencing Reform Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-2, February 2, 2001, 48 DCR 2239). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4(e) of Sentencing Reform Second Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-51, May 2, 2001, 48 DCR 4370). Legislative History of Laws Law 9-153, the "First Degree Murder Amendment Act of 1992," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 9-118, which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on April 7, 1992, and May 6, 1992, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on May 28, 1992, it was assigned Act No. 9-213 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 9-153 became effective on September 26, 1992. For legislative history of D.C. Law 10-256, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 22-2104. Law 11-275, the "Second Criminal Code Technical Amendments Act of 1996," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 11-909, which was referred to the Committee of the Whole. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on November 7, 1996, and December 3, 1996, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on December 24, 1996, it was assigned Act No. 11-520 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 11-275 became effective on June 3, 1997. For Law 13-302, see notes following § 22-722. Law 17-177, the "Prohibition of Discrimination on the Basis of Gender Identity and Expression Amendment Act of 2008", was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 17-330, which was referred to the Committee on Workforce Development and Government Operations. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on February 5, 2008, and March 4, 2008, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on March 19, 2008, it was assigned Act No. 17-329 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 17-177 became effective on June 25, 2008. DC CODE § 22-2104.01 Current through December 11, 2012

Credits

(Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 854, § 801a, as added Sept. 26, 1992, D.C. Law 9-153, § 2(d), 39 DCR 3868; May 23, 1995, D.C. Law 10-256, § 2(b), 42 DCR 20; June 3, 1997, D.C. Law 11-275, § 5, 44 DCR 1408; June 8, 2001, D.C. Law 13-302, § 4(e), 47 DCR 7249; June 25, 2008, D.C. Law 17-177, § 11, 55 DCR 3696.)