this is an outdated text: switch to the updated & improved dc code website
home, about

The DC Code: § 22-951 Criminal street gangs.

Index22 Criminal Offenses and Penalties. (Refs & Annos)
a
(1) It is unlawful for a person to solicit, invite, recruit, encourage, or otherwise cause, or attempt to cause, another individual to become a member of, remain in, or actively participate in what the person knows to be a criminal street gang.
2
A person convicted of a violation of this subsection shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months, or both.
b
(1) It is unlawful for any person who is a member of or actively participates in a criminal street gang to knowingly and willfully participate in any felony or violent misdemeanor committed for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association with any other member or participant of that criminal street gang.
2
A person convicted of a violation of this subsection shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.
c
(1) It is unlawful for a person to use or threaten to use force, coercion, or intimidation against any person or property, in order to:
A
Cause or attempt to cause an individual to:
i
Join a criminal street gang;
ii
Participate in activities of a criminal street gang;
iii
Remain as a member of a criminal street gang; or
iv
Submit to a demand made by a criminal street gang to commit a felony in violation of the laws of the District of Columbia, the United States, or any other state; or
B
Retaliate against an individual for a refusal to:
i
Join a criminal street gang;
ii
Participate in activities of a criminal street gang;
iii
Remain as a member of a criminal street gang; or
iv
Submit to a demand made by a criminal street gang to commit a felony in violation of the laws of the District of Columbia, the United States, or any other state.
2
A person convicted of a violation of this subsection shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.
d
The penalties under this section are in addition to any other penalties permitted by law.
e
For the purposes of this section, the term:
1
"Criminal street gang" means an association or group of 6 or more persons that:
A
Has as a condition of membership or continued membership, the committing of or actively participating in committing a crime of violence, as defined by § 23-1331(4)); or
B
Has as one of its purposes or frequent activities, the violation of the criminal laws of the District, or the United States, except for acts of civil disobedience.
2
"Violent misdemeanor" shall mean:
A
Destruction of property (§ 22-303);
B
Simple assault (§ 22-404(a));
C
Stalking (§ 22-404(b));
D
Threats to do bodily harm (§ 22-407);
E
Criminal abuse or criminal neglect of a vulnerable adult (§ 22-936(a));
F
Cruelty to animals (§ 22-1001(a)); and
G
Possession of prohibited weapon (§ 22-4514).

Historical and Statutory

Emergency Act Amendments For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 101 of Omnibus Public Safety Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-445, July 19, 2006, 53 DCR 6443). For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 101 of Omnibus Public Safety Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-490, October 18, 2006, 53 DCR 8686). For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 101 of Omnibus Public Safety Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-10, January 16, 2007, 54 DCR 1479). For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 101 of Omnibus Public Safety Second Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-25, April 19, 2007, 54 DCR 4036). Legislative History of Laws Law 16-306, the "Omnibus Public Safety Amendment Act of 2006", was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 16-247, which was referred to Committee on the Judiciary. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on June 6, 2006, and October 3, 2006, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on October 17, 2006, it was assigned Act No. 16-482 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 16-306 became effective on April 24, 2007. DC CODE § 22-951 Current through December 11, 2012

Credits

(Apr. 24, 2007, D.C. Law 16-306, § 101, 53 DCR 8610.)