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The DC Code: § 28-3104 Transfers fraudulent as to present and future creditors.

Index28 Commercial Instruments and Transactions. (Refs & Annos)
A transfer made, or obligation incurred, by a debtor is fraudulent as to a creditor, whether the creditor's claim arose before or after the transfer was made or the obligation was incurred, if the debtor made the transfer or incurred the obligation:
With actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud any creditor of the debtor; or
Without receiving a reasonably equivalent value in exchange for the transfer or obligation, and the debtor:
Was engaged or was about to engage in a business or a transaction for which the remaining assets of the debtor were unreasonably small in relation to the business or transaction; or
Intended to incur, or believed or reasonably should have believed that the debtor would incur, debts beyond the debtor's ability to pay as they became due.
In determining actual intent under subsection (a)(1) of this section, consideration may be given, among other factors, to whether:
The transfer or obligation was to an insider;
The debtor retained possession or control of the property transferred after the transfer;
The transfer or obligation was disclosed or concealed;
Before the transfer was made or obligation was incurred, the debtor had been sued or threatened with suit;
The transfer was of substantially all the debtor's assets;
The debtor absconded;
The debtor removed or concealed assets;
The value of the consideration received by the debtor was reasonably equivalent to the value of the asset transferred or the amount of the obligation incurred;
The debtor was insolvent or became insolvent shortly after the transfer was made or the obligation was incurred;
The transfer occurred shortly before or shortly after a substantial debt was incurred; and
The debtor transferred the essential assets of the business to a lienor who transferred the assets to an insider of the debtor.

Historical and Statutory

Prior Codifications 1981 Ed., § 28-3104. Legislative History of Laws For legislative history of D.C. Law 11-83, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 28-3101. Uniform Law This section is based upon § 4 of the Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act. See Volume 7A, Part II Uniform Laws Annotated, Master Edition, or ULA Database on Westlaw. DC CODE § 28-3104 Current through December 11, 2012


(Feb. 9, 1996, D.C. Law 11-83, § 2, 42 DCR 6773.)