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The DC Code: § 38-2901 Definitions.

Index38 Educational Institutions. (Refs & Annos)

For the purposes of this chapter, the term:

1
"Adult education" means services or instruction below the college level for adults who:
A
Lack sufficient mastery of basic educational skills to enable them to function effectively in society;
B
Do not have a certificate of graduation from a school providing secondary education and who have not achieved an equivalent level of education; or
C
Have limited ability in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language and whose native language is a language other than English.
1A
"Allowable special education costs" means costs incurred for the following purposes:
A
Instruction, salaries, benefits, supplies, textbooks, and other expenses, including:
i
The cost of salaries and benefits of special education program teachers, regular program teachers, and teacher aides, allocated to the corresponding working time that each person devotes to special education, including services required by an individualized education program;
ii
Teaching supplies and textbooks for special education programs;
iii
The purchase, rental, repair, and maintenance of instructional equipment required to implement a student's individualized education program;
iv
Professional development activities for teachers who work with, or provide services to, students with disabilities;
v
Contracted services, including fees paid for professional services, advice, and consultation regarding children with disabilities under the IDEA, and the delivery of special education services by public or private entities; and
vi
Transportation costs for special education instructional personnel who travel on an itinerant basis from school to school or to in-state and out-of-state individualized education program meetings;
B
Related services as defined in 34 CFR § 300.34 and supplementary aids and services as defined in 34 CFR § 300.42 and also including the following:
i
Salaries and benefits of professional supportive personnel, corresponding to the working time that each person devotes to implementing services required pursuant to an individualized education program ("IEP") as defined in 34 CFR § 300.22.
ii
Salaries and benefits of clerical personnel who assist professional personnel in supportive services, corresponding to the working time that each person devotes to special education services or program;
iii
Supplies for related services and supplementary aids and services;
iv
Contracted services, including fees paid for professional advice and consultation regarding children with disabilities under the IDEA or related services and supplementary aids and services, and the delivery of such services by public or private agencies;
v
Transportation for special education-related services personnel and providers of supplementary aides who travel from school to school or to in-state and out-of-state individualized education program meetings; and
vi
Equipment purchase, rental, repair, and maintenance required to implement related services and supplementary aids and services as required by a student's individualized education program;
C
Administrative expenses related to the direct implementation of IDEA Part B programmatic and fiscal requirements within the public school, including:
i
Salaries and benefits of staff who ensure programmatic and fiscal requirements of IDEA are being implemented, corresponding to the working time that each person devotes to the implementation of IDEA;
ii
Contracted services, including fees paid for professional services, advice, and consultation regarding the implementation of IDEA, and the delivery of special education services to students with IEPs by public or private entities;
D
Assistive technology devices for students with IEPs, not including medical devices surgically implanted (i.e., cochlear implant);
E
Implementation of due process hearing decisions;
F
Implementation of compensatory education plans;
G
Implementation of coordinated early intervening services programs (CEIS) as defined in 34 CFR § 300.226; and
H
Transition of a student back into public schools in the District who, as a result of an IEP decision or due process hearing decision, is currently attending non-public schools.
1B
"Alternative program" means specialized instruction for students under court supervision or on short- and long-term suspension, or who have been chronically truant or expelled from a regular District of Columbia Public School or public charter school academic program. To qualify as an alternative program, a school must meet the criteria and rules set by the State Education Office. An alternative program may describe an entire school or a specialized program within a school.
2
Repealed.
3
"Consumer Price Index" ("CPI") means the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers for Washington, DC-MD-VA, Index Base Period 1982-84 or its successor, as issued by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
4
"District of Columbia Public Schools" ("DCPS") means the public local education system under the control of the Board of Education or of the Emergency Transitional Education Board of Trustees in its function. The term does not include Public Charter Schools.
5
"Foundation" or "foundation level" means the amount of funding per weighted student needed to provide adequate regular education services to students. Regular education services do not include special education, language minority education, summer school, capital costs, state education agency functions or services funded through federal and other non-appropriated revenue sources.
6
"Full-time equivalent" means student enrollment the equal of:
A
Five hours or more per school day for a minimum of 180 school days for students enrolled in grades pre-school through 12; or
B
Three hours per day for a minimum of 4 days per week for 36 weeks per school year for adult enrollment.
6A
"Intensive Program of Special Education Services" means specialized special education services of at least 30 hours per student per week for students with one or more disabling conditions in a self-contained setting during regular school hours.
7
"Limited English Proficient/Non-English Proficient"("LEP/NEP") means students identified in accordance with federal law as entitled to English as a second language or bilingual services on the basis of their English language proficiency.
8
"Per student funding formula" ("Formula") means the formula used to determine annual operating funding for DCPS and Public Charter Schools on a uniform per student basis, pursuant to § 38-1804.01.
9
"Public Charter School" means a publicly funded school established pursuant to subchapter II of chapter 18 of this title; and except as provided in §§ 38-1802.12(d)(5) and 38-1802.13(c)(5), is not a part of the DCPS.
10
"Residential school" means a DCPS or Public Charter School that provides students with room and board in a residential setting, in addition to their instructional program.
10A
"Resident student" means a minor enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or public charter school who has a parent, guardian, or custodian residing in the District of Columbia or an adult enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or a public charter school who resides in the District of Columbia as determined pursuant to Chapter 3 of this title.
10B
"Self-Contained (Dedicated) Special Education School" means a school that has the capacity to provide all the facilities and services needed to meet the educational and therapeutic needs of its students, which may share a campus or only a building with a general education school.
11
"Special education" means specialized services for students identified as having disabilities, as provided in section 101(a)(1) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, approved April 13, 1970 (84 Stat. 175; 20 U.S.C. § 1401(a)(1)), or students who are individuals with a disability as provided in section 7(8) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, approved September 26, 1973 (87 Stat. 359; 29 U.S.C. § 706(8)).
11A
"Special Education Capacity Fund" means funds provided to public schools through the Formula to support activities required to improve the quality of special education programming available to students and to ensure that all personnel necessary to carry out Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ("IDEA") pursuant to 34 CFR § 300.207, are appropriately and adequately prepared, subject to the requirements of 34 CFR § 300.156 related to personnel qualifications for teachers, related service providers, and paraprofessionals.
11B
"Special Education Compliance Fund" means funds provided to public schools through the "Formula" to support activities required to address identified noncompliance with federal and local laws and regulations regarding the provision of special education services to students with disabilities.
11C
"Special Education Payment" means funding appropriated by the District through the "Formula" in the following budget categories: Special education schools, Special Education Add-ons, Special Education Capacity Fund, Special Education Compliance Fund, Residential Add-ons for Special Education, and Special Education Add-ons for Students with Extended School Year ("ESY") Indicated in Their Individualized Education Programs.
11D
"Special Education School" means a separate DCPS or public charter day school or residential school dedicated exclusively to serving special education students at levels 4 or 5.
12
"State level costs" means costs incurred by the DCPS in its function as a state education agency, including the census of minors pursuant to § 38-204, impact aid surveys, issuance of work permits, conduct of hearings and appeals, employee certification, administration of federal aid to agencies or institutions outside of the DCPS or Public Charter Schools administration. For purposes of the Formula, transportation of students with disabilities and payment of tuition for private placements of children with disabilities are considered state level costs.
13
"Summer school" means an accelerated instructional program provided outside the regular school year of 180 days for students in targeted grades or grade spans pursuant to promotion policies of the District of Columbia Public Schools and public charter schools.
14
"Weighting" is a multiplication factor applied to the foundation cost for student counts in certain grade levels or special needs programs to account for differences in the cost of educating these students.

Historical and Statutory

Prior Codifications 1981 Ed., § 31-2901. Effect of Amendments D.C. Law 14-190 added par. (11A). D.C. Law 15-348 added par. (10A). D.C. Law 16-192 added par. (1A); repealed par. (2); and rewrote pars. (6) and (13). Prior to amendment, pars. (2), (6), and (13) read as follows: "(2) 'Alternative school' means a specialized educational program that provides instruction to students under court supervision or on short- and long-term suspension from a regular District of Columbia Public School academic program. "(6) 'Full-time equivalent' means student and adult enrollment for the equivalent of: "(A) Five hours or more per school day for a minimum of 180 school days; or "(B) Three hours per night for a minimum of 4 nights per week for 36 weeks per school year." "(13) 'Summer school' means an accelerated instructional program in the summer for students in targeted grades or grade spans pursuant to promotion policies." D.C. Law 16-305, in par. (12), substituted "students with disabilities" for "handicapped students" and "children with disabilities" for "handicapped children". D.C. Law 17-20 added pars. (6A) and (10B). D.C. Law 19-21 redesignated par. (1A) as (1B) and par. (11A) as (11D); and added pars. (1A) and (11A) to (11C). Temporary Amendments of Section Section 2(a) of D.C. Laws 13-427 added paragraph 10A to provide: "(10A) 'Resident student' means a student who is enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or a public charter school, and is an adult who resides in the District of Columbia, or is a minor who has a parent, guardian, or custodian residing in the District of Columbia.". Section 6(b) of D.C. Laws 13-427 provides that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect. Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 13-262 added (11A) to read as follows: "(11A) 'Special education school' means a specialized instructional program for students with disabilities as described in paragraph (11) of this section whose individual education plan calls for full-time placement in special education services." Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 13-262 provides that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect. Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 14-6 added a new par. (11A) to read as follows: "(11A) "Special education school" means a specialized instructional program for students with disabilities as described in paragraph (11) of this section whose individual education plan calls for full-time placement in special education services." Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 14-6 provides that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect. Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 14-38 added a new paragraph (10A) to read as follows: "(10A) 'Resident student' means a student who is enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or a public charter school, and is an adult who resides in the District of Columbia, or is a minor who has a parent, guardian, or custodian residing in the District of Columbia.". Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 14-38 provides that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect. Section 2(a) of D.C. Law 15-67 added par. (10A) to read as follows: "(10A) 'Resident student' means a minor enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or public charter school who has a parent, guardian, or custodian residing in the District of Columbia or an adult enrolled in a District of Columbia public school or a public charter school who resides in the District of Columbia." Section 6(b) of D.C. Law 15-67 provides that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect. Temporary Addition of Section Section 2 of D.C. Law 12-180 enacted §§ 31-2901 through 31-2912, comprising Chapter 29 of Title 31 [1981 Ed.]. Section 18(b) of D.C. Law 12-180 provided that this act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect. Emergency Act Amendments For temporary addition of chapter, see §§ 2-15 of the Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Second Emergency Act of 1998 (D.C. Act 12-392, July 17, 1998, 45 DCR 6433), and §§ 2-15 of the Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Congressional Review Emergency Act of 1999 (D.C. Act 13-15, February 10, 1999, 46 DCR 2340). For temporary (90-day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the Public School Enrollment Integrity Emergency Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-409, August 14, 2000, 47 DCR 7264). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the Public School Enrollment Integrity Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-453, November 7, 2000, 47 DCR 9406). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of the Uniform Per Student Funding Formula Emergency Amendment Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-485, December 18, 2000, 48 DCR 20). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Uniform Per Student Funding Formula For Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Emergency Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-18, March 16, 2001, 48 DCR 2691). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Public School Enrollment Integrity Emergency Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-86, July 9, 2001, 48 DCR 6373). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Public School Enrollment Integrity Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2001 (D.C. Act 14-192, November 29, 2001, 48 DCR 11239). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 3302(a) of Fiscal Year 2003 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2002 (D.C. Act 14-453, July 23, 2002, 49 DCR 8026). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Public School Enrollment Integrity Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-174, October 6, 2003, 50 DCR 9181). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Public School Enrollment Integrity Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2003 (D.C. Act 15-282, December 18, 2003, 51 DCR 190). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2(a) of Public School Enrollment Integrity Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-519, August 2, 2004, 51 DCR 8995). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4002(a) of Fiscal Year 2007 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-477, August 8, 2006, 53 DCR 7068). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4002(a) of Fiscal Year 2007 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2006 (D.C. Act 16-499, October 23, 2006, 53 DCR 8845). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4002(a) of Fiscal Year 2007 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-1, January 16, 2007, 54 DCR 1165). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4002(a) of Fiscal Year 2008 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-74, July 25, 2007, 54 DCR 7549). For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 4003(a) of Fiscal Year 2012 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-93, June 29, 2011, 58 DCR 5599). Legislative History of Laws Law 12-180, the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Second Temporary Amendment Act of 1998," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 12-680. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on June 2, 1998, and July 7, 1998, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on July 23, 1998, it was assigned Act No. 12-426 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 12-180 became effective on March 26, 1999. Law 12-207, the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools and Tax Conformity Clarification Amendment Act of 1998," was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 12-615, which was referred to the Committee on Education, Libraries, and Recreation. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on July 7, 1998, and September 22, 1998, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on October 16, 1998, it was assigned Act No. 12-494 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 12- 207 became effective on March 26, 1999. Law 13-262, the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula Temporary Amendment Act of 2000", was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 13-926. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on November 8, 2000, and December 5, 2000, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on December 22, 2000, it was assigned Act No. 13-551 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 13-262 became effective on April 3, 2001. Law 14-6, the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Temporary Amendment Act of 2001", was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 14-81, which was retained by Council. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on February 6, 2001, and March 6, 2001, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on March 22, 2001, it was assigned Act No. 14-36 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 14-6 became effective on June 13, 2001. For Law 14-38, see notes following § 38-1800.02. For Law 14-190, see notes following § 38-1208.01. For Law 15-67, see notes following § 38-1800.02. For Law 15-348, see notes following § 38-1800.02. For Law 16-192, see notes following § 38-2731. For Law 16-305, see notes following § 38-911. For Law 17-20, see notes following § 38-451. For history of Law 19-21, see notes under § 38-271.01. Miscellaneous Notes Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Act: D.C. Law 12-207 provided that this chapter may be cited as the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Act of 1998." Short title of subtitle A of title XXXIV of Law 14-190: Section 3401 of D.C. Law 14-190 provided that subtitle A of title XXXIV of the act may be cited as the Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public School and Public Charter Schools Amendment Act of 2002. Short title: Section 4001 of D.C. Law 16-192 provided that subtitle A of title IV of the act may be cited as the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Amendment Act of 2006". Short title: Section 4001 of D.C. Law 17-20 provided that subtitle A of title IV of the act may be cited as the "Uniform Per Student Funding Formula for Public Schools and Public Charter Schools Amendment Act of 2007". DC CODE § 38-2901 Current through December 11, 2012

Credits

(Mar. 26, 1999, D.C. Law 12-207, § 102, 45 DCR 8095; Oct. 1, 2002, D.C. Law 14-190, § 3402(a), 49 DCR 6968; Apr. 13, 2005, D.C. Law 15-348, 101(a), 52 DCR 1991; Mar. 2, 2007, D.C. Law 16-192, § 4002(a), 53 DCR 6899; Apr. 24, 2007, D.C. Law 16-305, § 57(a), 53 DCR 6198; Sept. 18, 2007, D.C. Law 17-20, § 4002(a), 54 DCR 7052; Sept. 14, 2011, D.C. Law 19-21, § 4003(a), 58 DCR 6226.)